But how can we tell the difference between the periods and their characteristic features? Let’s have a look to find out. Influenced by the Tudor period, Georgian architecture remained based on classical ideas of construction. Inner London Georgian houses were easy to build in symmetrical rows and incorporated the internal dimensions for the needs of the families of its time. Internally, these properties are generally laid out over three to four floors. Kitchens were usually in the basement. The ground and first floor typically have large, high windows. The rooms were spacious, boxy and squared, with symmetrical and generous proportions, boasting the fabulous high ceilings which are a well-loved feature of these period properties today.
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between and The style was revived in the late 19th century in the United States as Colonial Revival architecture and in the early 20th century in Great Britain as Neo-Georgian architecture ; in both it is also called Georgian Revival architecture.
In the United States the term “Georgian” is generally used to describe all buildings from the period, regardless of style; in Britain it is generally restricted to buildings that are “architectural in intention”,  and have stylistic characteristics that are typical of the period, though that covers a wide range. The Georgian style is highly variable, but marked by symmetry and proportion based on the classical architecture of Greece and Rome , as revived in Renaissance architecture.
Ornament is also normally in the classical tradition, but typically restrained, and sometimes almost completely absent on the exterior.
Timber windows in England have been around for hundreds of years. The sliding box sash window originates in 17th Century London. It is a common misconception that sash windows were an imported design, but in fact the sash windows you see abroad are exported and you can find them in colonised countries across the world including India, the Caribbean and America. The design of the sash window comes from a time when streets were narrow and windows jutting out could have touched the building opposite or blocked the path of a thatcher.
This predates the vertical sash window and was a common feature across the country. The sliding sash window came to the fore after the great fire of London English Baroque, as the period became known, was responsible for many architectural masterpieces built with sliding sash windows, such as the remodelled Hampton Court See pictures , Greenwich and Kensington Palaces.
The actual design of the counter balanced window has not been attributed to any one person or any single geographical area. It is commonly accepted that the vertical sliding sash window was probably held open with wooden wedges and then this developed into a counter balanced idea, handmade lead weights held on twine rope.
The double glazing boom began in the s with the introduction of aluminium windows, sliding patio doors and secondary glazing. By the s, property prices were starting to increase, uPVC windows were introduced to the UK from Germany and replacement windows were all the rage. Georgian window styles could now be achieved using a white bar in-between the window panes and leaded designs were rife.
This era saw the implementation of window tax, which levied a fee determined by the number of windows in ones’ property. The more windows a.
Uniformity, symmetry and a careful attention to proportion both in the overall arrangement and in the detail characterised eighteenth century domestic architecture. It was inspired by the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome that had been rediscovered during the Renaissance of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and re-codified by Andrea Palladio in Italy in the s; and then re-interpreted again for the Georgian builder by eighteenth century British architects and writers such as William Chambers and Isaac Ware.
Palladian taste promoted order and uniformity The new style can be traced back to mid-seventeenth century London, to Inigo Jones and his design for Covent Garden, a Palladian inspired formal square of the s. Then following the Great Fire of , large-scale speculative building of classically influenced brick town houses commenced in London and by the end of the seventeenth century similar developments were under way elsewhere. In Bristol, then one of the largest and most important provincial cities, one of the first brick houses in the city was completed in in a new formal square soon to be named after Queen Anne The building of these first Georgian streets and squares represented the beginnings of large-scale suburban development in Britain.
Developed by speculative builders for wealthy clients the Georgian suburb was intended to be purely residential.
Traditional Windows Designs
The oldest build containing sash windows still in existence today is Ham House. Others believe the sash and case it was also known by this name because of the weight being within a case came from an architect named Robert Hooke, more famously known for nearly proving the correlation of Gravity and Inverse Square Law. Wether he adopted the sash window in his documented works or he invented and implemented the sash window remains a mystery.
How many times have estate agents referred to ‘Georgian’, ‘Victorian’ and windows with a fan window frequently positioned above the main entrance. From a.
Georgian properties followed strict rules regarding the proportions of ceiling heights and roof pitches, as well as the size, shapes and positions of doors and window. From a structural perspective, much inspiration did stem from classicism in this period, evidenced by the use of columns, proportions and symmetry. INTERIOR The most fashionable Georgian houses had the interior walls panelled from floor to ceiling and divided horizontally into three parts, in the same proportions as classicists defined their columns.
As Britain moved on from its civil war past and began building its empire, many upper class Georgians could now afford to decorate the walls with colour, even it was done sparingly relative to later periods. Walls were typically painted in sky blues, lavenders, blossom pinks and pea greens, because lighter shades helped to maintain airy and elegant interiors.
Darker, more expensive, shades were usually applied to emphasise skirting and covings. It was also during the Georgian period when ceiling plasterwork reached the height of intricacy and elegance.
All about modern Georgian Windows
Find out below about the development of Ireland’s architectural styles and periods. These are commonly named after historical monarchs, however the persistence of a style usually spanned a broader date range than the actual reign. Outlined are some broad stylistic movements that influenced the appearance of Ireland’s buildings. During the late 17th century and the first decades of the 18th century, the design of fashionable Irish buildings was heavily influenced by a restrained classical style of architecture that had filtered through England from Holland and France over the course of the 17th century.
This style become influential following the restoration of King Charles II in , after which Ireland experienced a period of strong economic growth and significant development in towns.
Firstly, the single-hung sash is the oldest design dating back to Georgian times and has only one section that moves with a single pane of glass. The Georgian’s.
Chelsea Window. Sash set back with thick frame visible, likely dated Source: Le Lay Architects. Picture a sash window in your mind and it is probably set in brickwork; likely soot-stained yellow stock bricks or Victorian reds. Whist the sash window was introduced just after the Medieval period where timber frame houses prevailed, today you will seldom see an original sliding sash set into a timber building.
The reason for this dates back to Just a year before, tall timber-framed, jettied houses overhung the narrow streets of London. As the population grew, space within the city walls became cramped with storey built upon storey, creating an overlapping line of combustible homes. The building of houses out of timber and thatch was eradicated following the Great Fire when Charles II introduced the Rebuilding of London Act requiring all future buildings to be built in brick or stone.
Additionally, window sills were first introduced as a method for deflecting rising fire around the window frame- Medieval windows were not so well equipped.
Georgian buildings: a spotters’ guide
Sliding sash windows are made up of two glazed frames or sashes , which slide vertically or horizontally to open. They date back to the s and were particularly popular in the Georgian and Victorian eras. Sash horns are downward protrusions from the base of the upper sash, fixed to either end of the horizontal centre bar of the frame. In the Victorian period the trend moved away from having lots of separate panes or lights in each sash.
As a result, the glazing bars also known as Georgian bars were removed and replaced with one piece of glass. An extra benefit of the window horns was that they stopped the sash being opened too far and jamming.
Georgian window styles could now be achieved using a white bar in-between the window panes and leaded designs were rife. Moulded uPVC door panels.
Sash windows have been the popular choice of window from the Georgian period right through to the late ‘s. Georgian sashes were more typically two moveable sashes divided each into six panes with narrow glazing bars. The Victorian sash became more decorative with multi panes with leaded lights. In the Building Act changed the regulations, so that windows no longer had to be flush with the exterior wall.
This enabled windows to stand proud from the facade. The Edwardian period took advantage of the change in building regulations and now presented their windows in bays. Medium and larger houses would often display double bay or bow windows. Edwardian sash windows would often fix the upper multi pane but use a single pane of glass below to maximum the light into the room.
Sash windows would often be painted in the Queen Anne style of white.